I’ve installed a new test system to play around a little bit (a Debian Squeeze install). Since I was too lazy to install it from scratch and I’m using VMWare anyway, I thought I’d just download a pre-installed virtual machine.
Now this virtual machine had a US keyboard configured and I’m using a German keyboard. After googling for how to change the keyboard layout from the console, I found a few hints:
Unfortunately the package console-data is not installed on my system.
Then I found the following:
This package is installed and you can choose a keyboard layout. Great !
After saving, I pressed “Z” and got a “Y” on the console. So still having a US keyboard configured.
Since keyboard-configuration modifies the file /etc/default/keyboard, I checked this file:
# cat /etc/default/keyboard
# Check /usr/share/doc/keyboard-configuration/README.Debian for
# documentation on what to do after having modified this file.
# The following variables describe your keyboard and can have the same
# values as the XkbModel, XkbLayout, XkbVariant and XkbOptions options
# in /etc/X11/xorg.conf.
# If you don’t want to use the XKB layout on the console, you can
# specify an alternative keymap. Make sure it will be accessible
# before /usr is mounted.
Everything looks fine… But the hint in the beginning of the file might be pointing to the solution. So let’s check this README.Debian file:
# cat /usr/share/doc/keyboard-configuration/README.Debian
After modifying /etc/default/keyboard, you can apply the changes to the linux console by running setupcon. If X is configured to use that file too, then the changes will become visible to X only if
udevadm trigger –subsystem-match=input –action=change
There is the solution:
And the keyboard layout is German !!